Would you like to be more grounded on your rituals, or spells? Perfection in them is an open door to new dimensions of success or greatness that could boost your morale as a witch or wizard. It is often used to define the strength or potency of your magic.

Rituals can create a confusing area for contemporary witches. Among thousands of witchcraft available online and in books and other publications, many of them are recreated versions of each other. There are many types of rituals or spells, so it can be extremely difficult to filter it all and look for certain ritual that speaks to you. Therefore, it is essential for one to learn how to create their rituals, a ritual that comes within you.

Though creating your own rituals might be tricky and challenging as an amateur witch or wizard may think, but once they look at the fundamental structure of a ritual, it is just like all “fill in the blanks” type of an already customized one. Notwithstanding that though, the idea of using imagination and creativity within a customized ritual feels like quite too much to do, so it’s still great to use prewritten rituals and put a little “magic” on it.

The fundamental rule in creating witch craft rituals is to first and foremost understand the purpose of having a particular ritual. Though the idea of research might be a bit tiring, before sitting down to start formulating your own ritual, there is a lot of personal work to be done in order for the ritual to be effective. It is good to have in mind that rituals must not have to be elaborately worded affairs that might take long hours to perform. Some of the most effective rituals are the ones who come directly from the heart. Some two very important, and well used steps, their importance and objectives of use are going to be elaborately discussed in the next paragraph.

Casting the circle is the well-known step used by witches which entails creating or forming a circle. This circle could be drawn out physically or imaginary. The space within the circle is said to be sacred and considered to be “between two worlds”. This helps in keeping the growing energy inside the circle, keeping unwanted energy away.

Many spells and rituals start with the instruction: “Cast a circle, and then…” At this point you’re probably wondering, what exactly is this magical circle? Why do you need to cast it? And what’s the best way to do it?

A magical circle is an energetic atmosphere that you build or envision around yourself before casting a spell, when trying to perform a ritual. This process could differ based on the number of people, and its purpose. For a solitary witch or wizard, the diameter is usually around 5 or 6 feet, but expands based on the size of the coven. Other times, the circle could be represented by something in the physical world, such as a ring of candles, coven of witches or wizards hold hands around a circle, scarves or perhaps symbolic items at the four cardinal points.

A reason for use of the circle is the fact that it provides protection. It is cast with the intention that only energies that are positive and beneficent to the individual casting it may enter or dwell within. This way, when the witch or wizard is open to the energetic realm, they need not worry about picking up energies or currents that are not for their benefit. It also serves as a container for personal energy as well as the energy being conjured. Your power as a magical practitioner is made clear and defined by the circle.

Casting a circle can be done in many different ways, depending on the taste of the person performing. Magical practitioners cast circles in many ways.

The following is a well-defined step on the procedure to casting a magic circle.

1. Find a flat, quiet open space where you won’t be disturbed.
2. Indicate the four cardinal directions using a compass.
3. Place a simple representation of each of the four elements at each corresponding point around the circle, in the appropriate order: Earth/north, Air/east, Fire/south, and Water/west.
4. Stand facing east, in the center of the circle. Relax and envision the wind whipping around you and get really in tune with the element of air. And then simply make the utterance “Spirits of Air, I call on you.”
5. Turn to the south still in a relaxed state, envision the crackling flames and the noonday sun. Once you feel relax and tune with fire make the utterance “Spirits of Fire, I call on you.”
6. While maintaining the same fix position, turn to the west, envision flowing water in waves and waterfalls and streams, possibly moving around your body. When you feel attuned with water, say, “Spirits of Water, I call on you.”
7. Turn to the north. Conjure up the scent of the earth after it rains. Imagine the silence and darkness of a cave and the rooted feeling of being barefoot on the earth. When you feel attuned, say, “Spirits of Earth, I call on you.”
8. Still facing north, become aware of your feet and send a column of light deep into the core of the Earth. Bring golden white light up from the center of the earth and into your body. Say, “Mother Earth, I call on you.”
9. Next, send branches or a column of light up from the crown of your head, out of the earth’s atmosphere and into the Infinite Cosmos. Bring golden white light down from the Cosmos and down into your body. Say, “Father Sky, I call on you.”
10. Feel protected and contained on all sides, as well as from above and below. Feel gratitude for this Divine support and say, “Thank you, thank you, thank you. The circle is cast. Blessed be.”

Now you can sit in the center of your circle and meditate or work your magic. When you’re done with the ritual, don’t forget to thank each element as well as the earth and cosmos.

This is just one amongst many other ritual processes, which will be discussed in subsequent articles. In the meantime, I hope you have a touch of knowledge concerning rituals and spells.

The Initiation into Second Degree Wicca

The Initiation into Second Degree Wicca

Learn Traditional Wiccan WItchcraft – The Gardnerian Book of Shadows, by Gerald Gardner

Magus binds Witch as before, but does not blindfold her, and circumambulates with her, proclaims to the four quarters, “Hear, ye Mighty Ones, (name), a duly consecrated Priestess and Witch, is now properly prepared to be made a High Priestess and Witch Queen.” Magus now leads her thrice around the circle with the half-running, half-dancing step, halts south of the altar, has the Witch kneel, and ties her down to the altar as before.

Magus: “To attain this sublime degree, it is necessary to suffer and be purified. Art ready to suffer to Learn?”

Priestess Witch: “I am.”

Magus: “I prepare thee to take the great oath.”

He strikes three knells on the bell, and again gives the series of three, seven, nine, and 21 strokes with the scourge as before.

Magus: “I now give thee a new name: _______. [kiss]

Magus: “Repeat thy new name after me, I, (name), swear upon my mother’s womb and by mine Honor among men and among my brothers and sisters of the Art, that I will never reveal to any at all any of the secrets of the Art, except it be to a worthy person, properly prepared, in the center of a Magic Circle, such as I am now in. This I swear by my hopes of Salvation, my past lives, and my hopes of future ones to come, and I devote myself to utter destruction if I break this my solemn oath.”

Magus kneels, placing left hand under her knees and right hand on her head, thus forming magic link.

Magus: “I hereby will all my power into you.” Wills.

Magus now unties her feet, unties the Cable Tow from the altar, and helps the Witch to her feet.

Magus: “I hereby sign and consecrate you with the great Magic Sign. Remember how it is formed and you will always recognize it.

“I consecrate thee with oil.” (He anoints her with oil on her womb, right breast, left hip, right hip, left breast, and womb again, thus tracing a point-down pentacle.)

“I consecrate thee with wine.” (He anoints her with wine in the same pattern.)

“I consecrate thee with my lips” (he kisses her in the same pattern), “High Priestess and Witch Queen.”

Magus now unbinds Witch’s hands and removes the cord, saying, “Newly made High Priestess and Witch Queen” [kiss] “you will now use the working tools in turn.

First, the Magic Sword; with it you will scribe the Magic Circle [kiss]

“Secondly, the Athame” (Form Circle) [kiss]

“Thirdly, the White Handled Knife” (use) [kiss]

“Fourthly, the Wand” (Wave to 4 Quarters) [kiss]

“Fifthly, the Pentacle” (Show to 4 Quarters) [kiss]

“Sixthly, the Censer of Incense” (Circle, cense) [kiss]

“Seventhly, the cords; bind me as I bound you.” Witch binds Magus and ties him to Altar.

Magus: “Learn, in Witchcraft, thou must ever return triple. As I scourged thee, so thou must scourge me, but triple. So where you received 3, return 9; where you received 7, return 21; where you received 9, return 27; where you received 21, return 63.” Witch scourges Magus as instructed, 120 strokes total.

Magus: “Thou hast obeyed the Law. But mark well, when thou receivest good, so equally art bound to return good threefold.”

Witch now unbinds Magus and helps him to his feet. Magus, taking the new Initiate by the hand and holding the Athame in the other, passes once round the Circle, proclaiming at the Four Quarters, “Hear, Ye Mighty Ones, (name) hath been duly consecrated High Priestess and Witch Queen.” (Note, if ceremony ends here, close circle with “Hail and farewell.” If not go to next degree.)


Janet and Stewart Farrar .


Cakes and Wine

Magus kneels, fills Cup, offers to Witch [she is seated on the altar, holding her athame; Priest kneels before her, holding up the cup].

Witch, holding Athame between palms, places point in cup.

Magus: “As the Athame is the Male, so the Cup is the female; so, conjoined, they bring blessedness.”

Witch lays aside Athame, takes Cup in both hands, drinks and gives drink. Magus Holds Paten to Witch, who blesses with Athame, then eats and gives to Eat. It is said that in olden days ale or mead was often used instead of wine. It is said that spirits or anything can be used so long as it has life.

Casting the Circle

Casting the Circle

Learn Traditional Wiccan WItchcraft – The Gardnerian Book of Shadows, by Gerald Gardner

It is most convenient to mark the circle with chalk, paint or otherwise, to show where it is; but marks on the carpet may be utilized. Furniture may be placed to indicate the bounds. The only circle that matters is the one drawn before every ceremony with either a duly consecrated Magic Sword or an Athame. The circle is usually nine feet in diameter, unless made for some very special purpose. There are two outer circles, each six inches apart, so the third circle has a diameter of eleven feet.

[1] Having chosen a place proper, take the sickle or scimitar of Art or a Witch’s Athame, if thou mayest obtain it, and stick it into the center, then take a cord, and ’twere well to use the Cable Tow for this, and loop it over the Instrument, four and one half feet, and so trace out the circumference of the circle, which must be traced either with the Sword, or the knife with the black hilt, or it be of little avail, but ever leave open a door towards the North. Make in all 3 circles, one within the other , and write names of power between these.

[2] First draw circle with Magic Sword or Athame.

[3] Consecrate Salt and Water: Touch water with Athame, saying, “I exorcise thee, O creature of Water, that thou cast out from Thee all the impurities and uncleannesses of the Spirits of the World of Phantasm, so they may harm me not, in the names of Aradia and Cernunnos.”

[4] Touching Salt with Athame, say, “The Blessings of Aradia and Cernunnos be upon this creature of Salt, and let all malignity and hindrance be cast forth hencefrom, and let all good enter herein, for without Thee man cannot live, wherefore I bless thee and invoke thee, that thou mayest aid me.”

[5] Then put the Salt into the water.

[6] Sprinkle with exorcised water.

[7] Light candles; say, “I exorcise thee, O Creature of Fire, that every kind of Phantasm may retire from thee, and be unable to harm or deceive in any way, in the names of Aradia and Cernunnos.”

[8] Caution initiate (if any); warn companions; enter circle and close doors with 3 pentagrams.

[9] Proclaim object of working

[10] Circumambulate 3 times or more before commencing work.

[11] Summon: “I summon, stir, and Call thee up, thou Mighty Ones of the East, South, West, and North.” Salute and draw pentacle with Magic Sword or Athame, the first stroke being from the top down to the left.

World’s First Witchcraft Café Opens

World’s First Witchcraft Café Opens

Witch Cafe? Awesome!

Want to connect with other witches?

Need to weave a spell around a love interest?

Want to put a curse on someone?

Now there is a place you can go in the community, have a coffee, and create a spell or place an order for a witch to create the spell for you!

The catch?

The new Ace of Cups café is in Bangkok, Thailand.

According to Vice, the lower floor of the Ace of Cups, which is named after a tarot card, sells food and drinks along with witchcraft tools such as crystals and magic wands. The upper floor is where customers to go to meet with witches and sorcerers.

“You can hire us to cast a spell for you. You should talk to us about what you want and we’ll offer you possible choices,” says owner Wine Kongsorn who claims he opened the café to unite the community of Wiccans in Bangkok.

“For a long time, the community of Wiccans had no place to get together in Bangkok. We needed a place to meet and perform rituals. We thought a cafe would be perfect to create community but it took us five or six years to make it happen.”

witch cafeIn Thailand, witchcraft is a kind of native religion and is very acceptable to the primarily Buddhist population of which only 1.2 percent are Christian.

Kongsorn’s café caters to customers in search of everything from love spells to hexes and even offers exorcisms to those in need.

“We have several ways to draw an evil spirit out. We start with sound therapy like tuning forks and singing bowls and move on to using fire.”

Kongsorn says customers are rarely in search of “strong sorcery” such as curse-lifting and exorcism but are generally interested in having their fortunes read or having spells woven for their love interests. The Thai people generally go to Buddhist monks for help with bigger problems such as hauntings and possessions.

The cafe also offers some bizarre “services” such as a doll that houses an aborted fetus who supposedly can predict lottery numbers. Described as “illegal” by the Vice reporter, use of the doll costs up to $2,000.

About 60 percent of the Café’s customers know what they’re after when they frequent the establishment, but 40 percent come in just out of curiosity.

“A lot of people hear about us, come in, and want a spell, but we need to have a little discussion first. I can’t perform a spell that’s against my morals or ethics, like money or lottery spells. That’s messing with destiny. If we were to make you super-lucky, or give you something that doesn’t belong to you, the universe would take payback in some was”

We can only hope the Ace of Cups Café becomes a global restaurant chain for all us witches to enjoy!


Division: Minor Sabbat

Other Names: Madron, Autumn Equinox, Harvest Home, Pagan Thanksgiving, Fall Equinox, Second Harvest, Festival of Dionysus, Wine Harvest, Alban Elfed, Cornucopia

Southern Hemisphere Date: March 20-23

Northern Hemisphere Date: September 21

Associated Holiday: Thanksgiving (Second Harvest)

Associated Deities: Mabon, Madron, Persephone, Demeter.

Associated Herbs: Marigold, Sunflowers, Hibiscus, Rose petals, Myrrh.

Associated Stones: Sapphire, lapis lazuli, Amber, Clear quartz, Tigers Eye, Citrine, and yellow agates.

Symbols of Mabon: wine, gourds, pine cones, acorns, grains, corn, apples, pomegranates, vines such as ivy, dried seeds, and horns of plenty.

Foods of Mabon: Breads, nuts, apples, pomegranates, and vegetables such as potatoes, carrots, and onions.

Drinks of Mabon: Wine, Ale and Cider

Incense of Mabon: Autumn Blend-benzoin, myrrh, and sage.

Ritual Oils: Apple Blossom, Hay/Straw, Black Pepper, Patchouly

Colors: of Mabon: Red, orange, russet, maroon, brown, and gold.

Taboos: Passing Burial Sites and not honoring the dead.

Plants: Vines, Ivy, Hazel, Cedar, Hops, Tabacco

Element: Water

Animals: Dogs, Wolves, Stags, Birds of Prey (especially the Blackbird, Owl and Eagle), Salmon and Goat

Mythical Creatures: Gnomes, Sphinx, Minotaurs, and Cyclops

Celebration of: The God now sleeps within the womb of the Goddess.

About Mabon

Mabon (MAY-bon), one of the Lesser Sabbats, is the second harvest festival and is held on the autumn equinox to celebrate the last fruits of the year. Like the Spring Equinox, it is a time of balance between dark and light. At this time we are moving from light to darkness, from warmth to cold, we are gathering the harvest of summer to prepare for the winter months.

This is the second of the three harvest festivals, the ripe grain is being reaped from the fields. Vegetable season is ending and the fall fruits, such as apples, are ready to pick. This is a time to celebrate with feasts and thanksgiving.

An equinox is an astronomical point, and due to the fact that the earth wobbles on its axis slightly, the date may vary by a few days, depending on the year. The autumnal equinox occurs when the sun crosses the equator on its journey southward, during this time we experience a day and a night that are of equal duration. Up until Mabon, the hours of daylight have been greater than the hours from dusk to dawn. But from now on, the reverse takes place.

The Sabbat of Mabon is named for the Child of Light and the son of the Great Mother, Modron. Mabon, the son of Modron, was stolen from his mother only three nights after his birth at the beginning of time. The Great Mother grieved for her son and the world became dark and cold. During her mourning plants withered and died, and the animals, fat from the summer fruits, slept in their caves to protect themselves from the coming winter.

Mabon is eventually found, with the help of the wisdom and memory of the Oldest Animals – the Blackbird, the Stag, the Owl, the Eagle and the Salmon. The battle to release the Child of Light is not an easy one, and will take months to complete. Ever since Mabon was stolen, the seasons of cold and darkness prevail in sync with the grieving Mother Earth, feeling the loss of Her child. Because Modron’s child is imprisoned deep within the earth, the plants and animals of earth slow down and move inward. Mabon is eventually found, although he will not be released until Yule, when the days again begin to grow longer. At Yule, Mabon is reborn as the Child of Promise and the Son of Light.

The Druids call this celebration, Mea’n Fo’mhair, and honor the The Green Man, the God of the Forest, by offering libations to trees. Offerings of ciders, wines, herbs and fertilizer are appropriate at this time. Wiccans celebrate the aging Goddess as she passes from Mother to Crone, and her consort the God as he prepares for death and re-birth.

Mabon is a time of celebration and balance, it is a time to finish the old and to ready ourselves for a period of rest, relaxation, and reflection.
Mabon Activities

* Celebrate this festival with a feast shared with family or Coven members.

* Private Meditation on the meanings of Mabon.

* Take a walk outside and enjoy the cooling weather.

* Eat a meal of fruits and vegetables of the season.

* Arrange baskets of fresh fruit for friends or family

* Fill a bowl with fruits and leave it as an offering to the gods

* Make a protection charm of hazelnuts strung on red thread

* Hang dried ears of corn on the front door, doorposts, or outside light fixture.

* Fill a basket with pine cones, colorful dried leaves, wheat, acorns, and fallen pine branches and leave it by your door

* Serve a Mabon meal, wine with some sort of soup with carrots, onions, potatoes, radishes, and/or corn

* Collect milkweed pods to decorate at Yuletide and attract the fairies.

* Make wine

* It is a good time to walk the forests, gathering dried plants for use as altar decorations or herbal magic.

* Go to an Autumn Festival.

* Make a witch’s broom.

* Make magic Apple Dolls

* Gather autumn leaves in bright colors.


Division: Major Sabbat

Other Names: Lammas, Lughnasad, Lugnassad, Lunasa, Lughnasa, Festival of Green Corn, First Harvest, Ceresalia, August Eve, Elembiuos, Feast of Cardenas

Southern Hemisphere Date: Feb 2

Northern Hemisphere Date: August 1

Associated Holiday: First Harvest

Associated Deities: Ceres, Demeter, the Corn Mother, Lugh, the Green Man

Associated Herbs: All herbs and grains

Associated Stones: Carnelian, Yellow Diamonds, Aventurine, Peridot, Citrine, and Sardonyx, golden topaz, opal, citrine and ametrine.

Symbols of Lughnasadh: Sickles and scythes, Weapons, Armors, Corn dolls, Grapes, and Wine

Foods of Lughnasadh: Corn, Potatoes, homemade bread, nuts, rice, apples, berry pies, barley cakes, roasted lamb, Grains, acorns, oats, crab apples, squash, turnips and Berries.

Drinks of Lughnasadh: Elderberry Wine, Mead, Ale, Meadowsweet Tea, and Cider

Incense of Lughnasadh: Aloes, Rose, Sandalwood.

Ritual Oils: Eucalyptus, Corn, Safflower

Colors: of Lughnasadh: Red, orange, gold, and yellow. Also green, citrine and gray.

Taboos: Not Sharing Food

Plants: Corn, Rice, Wheat, Ginseng, Rye

Element: Fire

Activities: Share a feast with family or covern members, plant seeds, and bake bread

Animals: Roosters, Calves, and Pigs (sows in particular)

Mythical Creatures: Griffins, Basilisks, Centaurs, and Phoenix

Celebration of: A Festival of not only life and bounty, but of harvest and death, the complete cycle of life. Feast dedicated to Earth Mother. Give thanks for what you have.

About Lughnasadh

Lughnassad (LOO-nus-uh), also called Lammas, is known as one of the Greater Sabbats, it marks the beginning of the fall harvest. This is the festival of Lugh, a Celtic God of Light, Fire and God of crafts and skills. As fall approaches and the hours of sunlight begin to shrink, the God begins to lose his strength. At this time the Goddess is already pregnant with the God, who will be reborn again at Yule.

In Lughnassad we celebrate the fruits of the Sun Gods and Mother Earth’s bounty. Their labours are everywhere, in the vegetables, plums, onions, garlic and especially herbs which now will be at their most potent and which will be used in our magical practices.

Lughnassad is also known as the Feast of Bread, because baking is traditional on this day. The name Lammas, comes from an old English festival, the loaf mass, which was held on this date. Wiccans often hold feasts in honour of the holiday because everything is so plentiful at this time of the year.

It is a time not only to think about the fruits of the Sun God and Mother Earth, but also about our own personal harvest. A time when we think about what has happened in our lives and let go of anger, injustice, hates, and past regrets, enabling us to move forward to plant our own new seeds.
Lughnasadh Activities

* Bake a loaf of bread

* Place an ash leaf under your pillow for prophetic dreams

* Decorate sheaves of grain with flowers or ribbons

* Leave offerings of bread to the Fairy Folk.

* Leave offerings of bread or wine for the pregnant goddess, and the Sun God.

* Share a feast with family or coven members

* Eat a meal of fruits and vegetables of the season.

* Private Meditation on the meanings of the season.

* If you have a spring or well in your area, bless it and decorate it with flowers.

* Float flowers at a local creek or pond

* Plant the the seeds from the fruits consumed during the feast.

* Celebrate the first harvest by eating a meal with foods of the season, such as grain and corn.

* Bless your garden, vegetables, fruits, and grains.

* Gather the tools of your trade and bless them in order to bring a richer harvest next year.

* Sacrifice bad habits and unwanted things from your life by throwing symbols of them into the Sabbat fire.

* Harvest fruits from your garden

* Play a game such as rhibo (a Welsh game) which is traditionally played at Lammas. Three pairs of people face each other and hold hands. A person is then laid across the hands and tossed into the air in much the same way grain is winnowed. For little ones use a blanet with two adults holding the corners. Be sure to be careful not to “toss” anyone too high!!!

* Begin gathering and drying herbs, flowers, grains or seeds for spellworking in the next year.